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The trio of clients that got Deutsche Bank AG in regulatory trouble this week had a shared back story: They were all castoffs of JPMorgan Chase and Co.

Deutsche Bank moved millions of dollars across the globe for convicted sex offender Jeffrey Epstein in the past decade, and billions on behalf of international lenders Danske Bank A/S and FBME Bank Ltd. Along the way, the German bank missed or disregarded compliance red flags for years, New York’s Department of Financial Services said Tuesday in levying $150 million in penalties.

JPMorgan’s moves to offload those same clients years earlier may have helped it dodge a similar bullet. The biggest U.S. bank stepped away from handling money for FBME in 2009. It distanced from the others around 2013, the same year it undertook a broad purge of higher-risk clients from its correspondent banking business.

The bank had incentive to offload risky clients. JP Morgan’s primary U.S. regulator, the Office of the Comptroller of the Currency, put it on notice in early 2013, faulting its due diligence processes and ordering it to clean up its anti-money laundering controls. Later that year, the bank said it would spend $4 billion to shore up its compliance operations — a process that included reviewing the accounts of hundreds of clients and shedding many of them.

JPMorgan declined to comment.

Deutsche Bank, whose business is regulated in New York, said this week that it has cooperated with authorities and that it regretted bringing Epstein on as a client. Although it acknowledged deficiencies in its oversight of the FBME and Danske relationships, the bank said it found no intentional effort to facilitate unlawful activity. It declined to comment for this article.

Danske Flags

Concerns about Danske Bank, Denmark’s biggest bank, centered on its Estonia unit. News organizations including the Organized Crime Corruption and Reporting Project wrote in 2018 that the unit had helped rich Russians move nearly a quarter-trillion dollars from their country over the course of a decade, largely through anonymized shell corporations. The bank acknowledged later that year that many of those transactions should have been flagged as suspicious.

JPMorgan stopped providing the Estonia unit access to the U.S. financial system in 2013, citing the high percentage of client accounts domiciled outside the Baltic country. Deutsche Bank continued providing banking services to Danske for another two years.

The Justice Department is investigating the role played by Danske’s correspondent banks in the U.S., including Deutsche Bank, people familiar with the matter have said, adding that the authorities are also trying to understand JPMorgan’s role.

Deutsche Bank had a decades-long relationship with FBME, which is registered in Tanzania and based in Cyprus. In the 1980s, the small bank was a client of Banker’s Trust, which Deutsche Bank acquired the next decade. By 2005, Deutsche Bank had deemed FBME high on its risk scale, and its monitoring systems were flagging suspicious transactions at a rate of more than twice a week during some years, according to the New York regulator. Although Deutsche Bank admonished FBME at times over its practices and demanded more information about its clients, the German bank continued doing business with it, the regulator said.

JPMorgan started doing business with FBME in the early 2000s and quickly grew frustrated with its failure to fully explain certain transactions, according to documents reviewed by Bloomberg News. The banking giant was also wary of other practices at FBME, such as offering “hold mail” services, in which a bank allows clients to use the bank’s address to limit paper trails, according to those documents.

Deutsche Bank provided banking services to FBME for five years after JPMorgan stopped, processing some $618 billion in all. It ended the relationship in 2014, after the U.S. Treasury labeled FBME a “primary money laundering concern” for its alleged work with organized crime and terror groups, effectively freezing it from the U.S. financial system. FBME has disputed those allegations.

The late Epstein, for his part, was a longtime client of JPMorgan — characterized inside the bank as a “center of influence” who could help it attract lucrative clients. Epstein stayed with the bank well after 2008, when he pleaded guilty in Florida to soliciting minors for prostitution. Epstein moved over to Deutsche Bank in 2013, after a banker who’d recently joined from JPMorgan persuaded executives to bring him aboard, according to the DFS.

Epstein’s legal troubles mounted again in 2018. That November, the Miami Herald published a series of articles cataloging allegations from women who said they had been abused sexually by him as minors. Deutsche Bank notified Epstein in December 2018 that it would be closing his accounts.

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The companies boycotting Facebook in an effort to fight hate speech have been advertising for years on, “a Russian social media platform that bans gay-rights groups and is known as a haven for white supremacists,” the Washington Free Beacon said in a report this week.

VK (short for VKontakte), based in Saint Petersburg, describes itself as the largest social network in Russia.

In the past few weeks, advertisements for hundreds of brands — including Adidas, Starbucks, Patagonia, and Pepsi – have been disappearing from Facebook as the Stop Hate for Profit boycott campaign gears up.

The campaign is an effort to pressure the social network led by CEO Mark Zuckerberg into cracking down on hate speech.

But advertising has continued on, according to the Washington Free Beacon — though it’s not clear if these companies are, as of Wednesday, actively running ads on VK.


The Free Beacon report cites, from July of last year, the Anti-Defamation League when it said that the Russian social media service has become “‘an international hub for white supremacists’ who have been kicked off mainstream U.S. social media websites such as Facebook” but continue to be active on VK.

In this photo illustration the VKontakte (VK) logo is seen displayed on a smartphone.

In this photo illustration the VKontakte (VK) logo is seen displayed on a smartphone.
(Photo Illustration by Rafael Henrique/SOPA Images/LightRocket via Getty Images)

Back in 2016, The Atlantic cited VK in a report, “American Neo-Nazis Are on Russia’s Facebook.”

That report said “white supremacists” had been migrating to VK for several years after Facebook took measures at that time to crack down on hate speech.

The Free Beacon added that though VK has taken steps to cull hate groups from its site, “organizations like the National Socialist Movement and the Ku Klux Klan still maintain an active presence on the website.”


“We completely disagree with the statement claiming that we are ‘an international hub for white supremacists.’ VK has never tolerated calls to violence, nor nationalist or extremist propaganda, regardless of their place of origin. If such content is found, the VK Team reacts quickly to remove it and block offenders,” VK told Fox News in a statement.

“Thanks to user reports and proactive monitoring, we delete hundreds of thousands of pieces of content and block thousands of profiles every month for promoting violence and cruelty or distributing shocking content on our platform, regardless of where the offender is from,” VK said.

“There is more information about what we do to fight against calls to violence in our ‘Safety Guidelines’ section,” according to VK.

Fox News sought comments from companies cited in this story; only a few responded.

Starbucks told Fox News it is not doing any paid advertising on


Adidas told Fox News in a statement: “The swift and resolute action taken with Facebook and Instagram was only a first step. We are already underway with developing criteria that we will hold every one of our partners accountable to. We all have a responsibility for creating and maintaining safe environments, and we will soon address this across any company we may work with.”

Fox News’ Christopher Carbone contributed to this article.

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After Karl Kasarda’s YouTube channel, InRange TV, was wiped without warning in early 2018, the firearm enthusiast said he had little option but to turn to posting clips and reviews on a platform of a different kind: PornHub.

He said navigating the social media landscape when it comes to the Second Amendment is only becoming more frustrating and confusing.

“The issue of oligarchical control over the Internet and all the impact over the ability to use it for free speech is going to only get worse,” Kasarda told Fox News, alluding to the “big five” — YouTube, Google, Facebook, Twitter and Instagram.

“It is unclear what the rules are,” he added. “Specifically, with YouTube, they pretty much enforce whatever they feel based on their bias of the day. Regardless of your personal belief, firearms and their accessories are legal in the United States. So why are we seeing continuing restrictions and challenges towards content about something demonstrably legal yet not against that which is clearly illegal?”

An AR-15. (AP Photo/Lisa Marie Pane, File)

An AR-15. (AP Photo/Lisa Marie Pane, File)

Indeed, YouTube typically banishes content in which firearms and accessories are legally sold, both directly and through other websites. The fresh wave of prohibitions came just months after YouTube disappeared clips that provided strategy advice to fellow gun enthusiasts, such as how to make the weapons fire more rapidly, in the aftermath of the 2017 Las Vegas mass murder that reinvigorated the gun control debate.

“Content intended to sell firearms, instruct viewers on how to make firearms, ammunition, and certain accessories, or instruct viewers on how to install those accessories is not allowed on YouTube,” reads the company policy. “YouTube shouldn’t be used as a platform to sell firearms or accessories noted below. YouTube also doesn’t allow live streams that show someone holding, handling, or transporting a firearm.”


And if you violate the policy, which company representatives have admitted was created without any actual gun experts advising, they will “email to let you know.” First-time offenders get off with a warning, the second time “wrongdoers” get a channel strike, and the third time they have their channels terminated.

Moreover, Google deems firearm-related content to be in the “non-family safe” category and Twitter proclaims its extensive prohibition of “the promotion of weapons and weapon accessories globally.” This includes airsoft guns, paintball guns and antiques, and “other self-defense weapons,” ranging from stun guns and maces to pepper spray and taser guns.

Gun rights activists say that a renewed anti-gun push took hold in 2018, in the lead-up to that year’s primary elections, led by the Google-owned YouTube, which moved very aggressively against gun postings. Hundreds of law-abiding users claim to have lost videos and often a chunk of their livelihoods.

The tech giants shut down historic even gun accounts. At that time, YouTube took it upon itself to abruptly cancel the popular channel for the 80-year-old firearms parts company Brownells, without notice, the company said as it appealed to its followers to file complaints.

(AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File)

The company said it used its channel to explain how various firearms worked and how to safely assemble and maintain their weapons, prompting confusion and grievance as to why they were targeted. Products designed by the company to enhance gun safety have also been banned, including advertisements for ZORE’s gun safety lock.

Last year, Google banned an advertisement for the Rocky Mountain Elk Foundation (RMEF), a Montana-based conservation group that posted a video showcasing the importance of hunting, slapping it with an “animal cruelty” label. It wasn’t until several Republican congressional representatives intervened that the clip was reinstated.

Facebook, which owns Instagram too, also prohibits the “sale or trade of firearms, ammunition, and explosives between private individuals.” Although “gun posts” are generally allowed, many say it is arbitrary.


One of the owners of who goes by the name of “Whitey” said he started noting an uptick in censorship around 2012 when Facebook went public — and it has risen ever since. sells firearm accessories and components and also provides a plethora of free videos and training tips.

“It suddenly became more focused on showing shareholders profit and shifting their business model,” he asserted. “Now, to be blunt about it, social media has ostracized Pro 2A Companies. With an almost ‘mob mentality’ and have branded us as ‘promoting violence,’ to which end users are wary of that.”

Additionally, it is hurting those like Four Guys Guns’ owners, who use the platform to make a living.

“Managing social media has become beyond difficult when you sell a product or service based in the firearms or defense industry,” Whitey said. “Because these companies are flagged as ‘promoting violence’ or ‘selling weapons’ they cannot pay for advertising because it goes against constantly shifting policies on community guidelines.”

A customer inspects a 9mm handgun at Rink's Gun and Sport in the Chicago, suburb of Lockport, Illinois.

A customer inspects a 9mm handgun at Rink’s Gun and Sport in the Chicago, suburb of Lockport, Illinois.
(REUTERS/Frank Polich/File)

For example, Whitey’s blog used to have a reach of over 3 million views per day and sometimes per post. Now, he noted, he is lucky to reach 10,000 views unless he pays to reach more of the audience that “likes” his page.

“The catch is, I can’t because Facebook has us listed as a business and also flagged as a company that promotes, glorifies, or sells weapons and violence,” he lamented. “We do not go against the constantly changing Community Guidelines, and it is tiring to constantly monitor.”

And for Jessica Keffer, the marketing manager at The Sportsman’s Shop in East Earl, Penn., wrestling with the arbitrary “rules” of the social media censors has become a daily burden and a steep impingement to the survival of her small business.

“The issues we have experienced directly relate to our attempts to ‘boost’ or promote our posts through Facebook and Instagram. We have had content approved and then disapproved,” she explained. “We have been told that because our website states we sell firearms and the ads direct to our website, they are not permitted as they are against their policies.”

As a result, the company is allowed to post content but not advertise, she said. If Keffer happens to get a response from a real person and not a robot when she appeals, it is usually along the lines of “it’s because you have a link to your website on your page which does sell firearms. That’s also against our policies; I’m afraid.”

(Photo Illustration by Jakub Porzycki/NurPhoto via Getty Images)

And it is companies big and small that have been dragged into the social media silencing quagmire. Tom Taylor, chief marketing officer and executive vice president of commercial sales for SIG Sauer, said that the suppression is unabashed.

“Instagram and Facebook, Google and YouTube, Twitter, Yahoo – or virtually any mainstream search engine – is not allowing firearm manufacturers to advertise or promote via paid activities. No sponsored or paid posts are allowed. These platforms are built to be optimized by paid advertising so, the firearm industry is almost completely dependent on organic reach and grassroots efforts,” he noted.

He underscored that it is only becoming worse as these companies configure more and more ways to utilize these algorithms to closely monitor certain words or categories.

“Many companies attempt to use hashtags that are unrelated to restricted categories/topics or work with non-firearm specific partners,” Taylor explained. “Even then, if it is used at a high enough rate, a company may be warned, flagged, and/or blocked, that is shadowbanned.”

Furthermore, David Smith who has built an Internet persona as the “Parkinson’s Shooter” and goes around the world not only as a professional shooter but to tout the benefits of gun therapy for his debilitating condition, said he could simply wake up one day and have posts arbitrarily been taken down, potentially threatening his ability to make a meager living.

“I’m disabled, and social media is one way I rely on to fight this disease. I have a positive message and [I can] still be silenced,” he said. “Guns are always a topic ahead of any election, but this year, it is already an especially big deal.”


And many gun rights supporters worry that without a strong push from their community, more platforms will be intimidated into the anti-rights void.

“We see this problem get worse right now on Spotify and the aggregation of podcasts,” Kasrada added. “Podcasts used to be truly decentralized distribution, but they’re now slowly being put behind the walls and under corporate control.”

“Promoting and discussing issues is an essential part of how Twitter serves the public conversation. We enforce the Twitter Rules impartially for all users, regardless of their background or stance on a particular issue,” a representative for Twitter told Fox News via email.

Twitter’s rules prohibit the sale of guns on the platform.

Fox News has reached out to Facebook and Google with a request for comment on this story.

Business Achievement Awards

After building and selling a billion-dollar makeup empire, it would be easy (and understandable) to pack up and retire.

But cosmetics legend Bobbi Brown is looking to push the industry forward with the launch of a new company meant to disrupt the beauty industry once again. EVOLUTION_18 is a beauty-inspired ingestible line—selling powders, capsules, gummies, and more with collagen and protein—inspired by Brown’s personal credo that beauty starts from the inside out.

Brown recently spoke with Fortune about her new business, EVOLUTION_18, and the explosion of wellness brands taking over the beauty and cosmetics industries.

The following interview has been lightly edited and condensed for clarity.

EVOLUTION_18 sells wellness supplements promoting better health for hair, skin, and nails.
Courtesy of EVOLUTION_18

Fortune: Your original eponymous cosmetics brand grew into a multimillion dollar business, which you sold to Estée Lauder more than 20 years ago. In the last few years, there has been a considerable shift in consumer preferences from makeup to a focus on skincare and wellness. Your new brand, EVOLUTION_18, is more about “ingestible beauty.” What exactly is ingestible beauty, and why do you think consumers are leaning this way and away from traditional makeup and beauty brands?

Brown: It seems that people are recognizing that beauty really does begin from the inside out. Personally, my makeup routine has grown more minimal over time, always involves moisturizer, and rarely takes longer than five minutes. Everyone is different, but usually when you’re taking care of yourself on the inside, the better you look on the outside. And even more importantly, you feel better, stronger, and more confident. I think people are catching on—and skincare and wellness brands are, too.

The wellness industry is hotter than ever, but it’s also crowded. What inspired the launch of EVOLUTION_18? What makes it stand apart?

I launched my lifestyle-inspired wellness line, EVOLUTION_18, as a natural extension of my book Beauty From the Inside Out, which is all about how health enhances beauty. After spending more than 25 years talking to women about their health and wellness challenges, I became a certified health coach with the Institute for Integrative Nutrition. This transition was a great opportunity to pursue something I’ve always been passionate about, and it’s been exciting to bring decades of corporate experience to a start-up. It’s an opportunity to really think outside of the box.

During the past few months with stay at home orders in place, you’ve been building the brand from your home. What has that been like? What has your day-to-day routine been like?

When the lockdown was announced and all my appointments, lunches, and in-person appearances were canceled, I was able to step back and evaluate what really matters.

Now I’m trying to keep everything simple. I’m doing housework between the Instagram lives and Zoom calls. And my team is scrappy and brilliant—they’ve made the transition to working from home easy. Once we’re back in the office, I’m looking to integrate even more flexibility into our culture. If something comes up and someone can’t make a meeting, they can Zoom in. And maybe I’ll be more willing to take that trip with my husband, since I know now that I can take calls and keep the business going from anywhere.

EVOLUTION_18 is available online, direct-to-consumer, but also via Walmart. How did the partnership with Walmart come about?

The partnership with Walmart came from a simple philosophy: health and wellness should be available to absolutely everyone. The products in this line-up, in particular, are even more affordable, and even more accessible to all. Plus, they’re delicious, easy to add into your daily routine, and really work.

EVOLUTION_18 by Bobbi Brown is available a select Walmart locations.
Courtesy of EVOLUTION_18

Obviously, amid the coronavirus pandemic, consumers’ purchasing habits and practices are going to change. How does EVOLUTION_18 plan to adjust its business plan for the immediate future?

We’re learning how to be more flexible now than ever. EVOLUTION_18 launched two new products during the pandemic—Energizing Chocolate and Relaxing Vanilla—both during the quarantine. Because I was sheltering in place at home, my son Cody filmed me for a Facebook Live on launch day. I couldn’t get the packaging from the manufacturer, so I just used a clear jar with the powder in it. As with any entrepreneurial endeavor, you just make it work.

You’ve had an eventful and successful career in the beauty industry. What advice would you give for first-time business owners and entrepreneurs who are looking to get started in beauty and wellness?

With the rise of clean beauty and a heightened focus on wellness, it’s an exciting time for these industries—but they’re also pretty crowded. It’s important as a new brand to differentiate yourself. As always, don’t spend more than you have. And just do it. You don’t have to overthink it. Try it, and if it doesn’t work, try it differently. Stay flexible, stay open, be nice—and you’ll figure it out.

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While public health officials are urging Americans to avoid large crowds and hold more muted Independence Day celebrations amid a spike of coronavirus cases, President Donald Trump is going big for what he is promising will be a “special evening” in the nation’s capital.

Trump is set hold his “Salute for America” celebration Saturday with a speech from the White House South Lawn that he says will celebrate American heritage, a military flyover over Washington, and an enormous fireworks display that is expected to draw thousands to the National Mall.

The celebration comes one day after Trump kicked off the holiday weekend by travelling to Mt. Rushmore for a fireworks display near the iconic mountain carvings George Washington, Thomas Jefferson, Abraham Lincoln and Theodore Roosevelt. The president delivered a fiery speech in which he accused protesters who have pushed for racial justice of engaging in a “merciless campaign to wipe out our history.”

Trump is taking part in the big gatherings even as many communities have decided to scrap fireworks, parades and other holiday traditions to try to prevent further spread of the virus that they fear could spurred by large holiday gatherings.

Still, Trump insisted on moving forward on holding big gatherings–including the Mt. Rushmore event for which South Dakota Gov. Kristi Noem, a Trump ally, insisted social distancing wasn’t necessary and masks were optional. Trump spent little time in his Mt. Rushmore address reflecting on pandemic, which has killed more than 129,000 Americans.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention cautions that mass gatherings like the one scheduled for Washington present a high risk for spread of the virus.

Trump’s Surgeon General Jerome Adams, who has stepped up his call for Americans to wear a mask in public, on Friday punted when asked during an interview whether he would caution a loved one from attending such large gatherings.

“It’s not a yes or no,” Adams told NBC’s “Today Show.” “Every single person has to make up their own mind. There are people going to beaches, going to barbeques, going to different environments and they are going to have to look at their individual risk.”

Trump has been aching to see the nation return to normalcy, and has been willing to push the envelope further than many state and big city mayors are willing to go.

Last month, he held his first campaign rally since early March in Tulsa, Okla. Trump is accustomed to jam-packed crowds, but the BOK Center was only about a third full for the president’s first rally of the coronavirus era. Days later, he addressed a packed megachurch for a Students for Trump event in Arizona. Few attendees at either event wore masks.

Interior officials said they would hand out 300,000 face coverings to spectators who gather on the National Mall. Interior Department Secretary David Bernhardt said visitors would be encouraged to wear masks and keep a six-foot distance from one another. There was no indication that would be mandatory, despite the recommendations of health officials.

Washington Mayor Muriel Bowser, who said she didn’t have the right to shut down the holiday spectacle because it’s on federal land, warned the federal government about the obvious dangers of such a large crowd. On Friday, she urged the city’s residents to be smart about how they spend the holiday.

“Just because someone invites you to a party doesn’t mean you have to go,” Bowser tweeted Friday.

Elsewhere, governors and local officials pleaded with residents to take precautions as they celebrate the holiday.

In California, which has seen a surge of cases in recent weeks, Gov. Gavin Newsom asked residents not to gather with people they don’t live with and to avoid crowds. Fireworks shows in Los Angeles, San Francisco, Sand Diego and elsewhere in the state were canceled to keep big crowds from forming

“Happy Fourth of July weekend, and wear a mask,” Newsom told his state’s residents.

Illinois Gov. J.B. Pritzker urged businesses and residents to comply with public health measures over the July 4 holiday weekend, warning that precautions were essential to continue to slow the spread of COVID-19.

Pritzker warned he won’t hesitate to close down businesses that don’t abide by capacity requirements, and he encouraged people to avoid large crowds and wear face coverings.

“Letting our guard down now would fly in the face of the progress we’ve made over many months,” Pritzker said.

Some Americans are hoping to make do with their own firework shows.

At Casey’s Fireworks Friday in Columbia, South Carolina, mostly masked shoppers wove through aisles, selecting their own explosives after some annual July Fourth shows were cancelled due to COVID-19.

Health officials there have seen a spike in cases that has the state trailing only Arizona and Florida in the 14-day average of newly diagnosed COVID-19 cases adjusted for population.

The fireworks shop, like many around the country, has been unexpected beneficiary as more Americans have decided to put on their own shows. The spike in sales started around Memorial Day.

“This whole COVID thing has been really bad all around,” said Forest Casey, a fourth-generation fireworks salesman at the family-owned shop. “But for whatever reason it makes people really want to buy fireworks.”

South Carolina has some of the most liberal fireworks laws in the nation. Stands across the state sell pyrotechnic bricks that launch a dozen or more shells with explosions that rival a small town’s annual show.

Some said they are trying to make the best of the situation. Jamie Parrott, a local pediatric neurologist, said he intends to stay at home with his grandchildren, setting off fireworks safely and eating hamburgers.

“We’ll muddle through,” Parrott said.

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Video-streaming service Twitch on Monday became the latest social platform to crack down on posts by President Trump and his campaign. The only difference? The suspension of Trump’s Twitch account will change relatively little.

The service, which is popular among video gamers, said that it had temporarily banned Trump’s account on Monday for posting hateful comments and had also removed the “offending content.”

“Like anyone else, politicians on Twitch must adhere to our Terms of Service and Community Guidelines,” Twitch said in a statement. “We do not make exceptions for political or newsworthy content and will take action on content reported to us that violates our rules.”

But Twitch, which is owned by Amazon, declined to comment on how long Trump’s suspension would last. It also declined to say how many people actually watched Trump’s streams on the service, which typically features video gamers competing against each other.

Since 2019, Trump’s account has been used to broadcast live campaign rallies and rerun older rallies, Twitch said.

The news comes as social media companies like Twitter and Facebook face rising scrutiny about hate speech and misinformation on their services. Twitter was the first to crack down, flagging and obscuring a handful of Trump’s tweets that violated its rules. Facebook, for a while, took a more hands-off approach, but on Friday said it had created new rules to hold politicians more accountable for what they said on the service.

Facebook’s decision to leave Trump’s posts untouched has spurred internal unrest and, most recently, an ad boycott by dozens of large customers. Big name brands like Adidas, Levi’s, Honda, and Hershey’s have all joined that campaign, called #StopHateForProfit, to pressure Facebook into doing more to police hate speech.

Twitch cited two posts by Trump that broke the rules. The first was a rebroadcast of Trump’s 2015 campaign kickoff, during which he said people coming from Mexico were “bringing drugs,” and were “rapists.” Another video show was from Trump’s recent rally in Tulsa, Okla., during which he referred to a home break-in of a young woman, calling the perpetrator a “very tough hombre.”

Twitch has a “zero-tolerance” policy for hateful conduct, which prohibits discrimination and harassment of others based on characteristics including race, religion, gender, age, and sexual orientation. The company’s rules say that it will “consider a number of factors to determine the intent and context of any reported hateful content,” and that enforcement actions could include “indefinite suspension.”

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After weeks of speculation, Apple finally announced that it would be switching its Mac computers to ARM-based Apple silicon processors starting by the end of the year, a big blow to Intel.

Apple CEO Tim Cook made the announcement at the company’s Worldwide Developers Conference (WWDC), noting the previous few transitions, from PowerPC chips to Intel-based chips, were large leaps forward for the Cupertino, Calif.-based tech giant.

“When we look ahead, we see some amazing new products in transitioning Macs to Apple Silicon,” Cook said. “Silicon is at the heart of our hardware.”


Though initial shipments of Apple Silicon-based Macs will start this year, Cook added the full transition would take about two years. The tech executive also said there are some Intel-based Macs in Apple’s product pipeline.

New York, United States of America - February 25: Company logo of Apple on an Apple store in Manhattan on February 25, 2016 in New York, United States of America. (Photo by Thomas Trutschel/Photothek via Getty Images)

New York, United States of America – February 25: Company logo of Apple on an Apple store in Manhattan on February 25, 2016 in New York, United States of America. (Photo by Thomas Trutschel/Photothek via Getty Images)
(Getty Images)

Apple already uses its own chips in the iPhone and iPad. The iPhone and iPad use Apple chips based on the ARM architecture, which is more suitable for mobile devices.

The move will “bring with it benefits such as longer battery life and cellular connectivity,” Jitesh Ubrani, an analyst at market researcher IDC, recently told Fox News. Those are both hallmarks of the iPhone and iPad.

Apple announced the transition from PowerPC processors, made by IBM and Motorola, to Intel processors back in 2005 at the Worldwide Developers Conference. And that came after a transition to PowerPC years before that.

The transition to Apple’s own chips will boost power performance, according to Johny Srouji, Apple senior vice president of Hardware Technologies. Our plans are to give the Mac a much higher level of performance while reducing the use of power, Srouji said.

The move will also allow developers to more easily build apps for all of Apple’s products, including iPhone and iPad, Srouji added.

In addition to the major announcement, Apple announced updates to its operating systems, iOS, iPadOS, watchOS, tvOS and macOS.

Apple’s senior vice president of Software Engineering Craig Federighi announced the new version of iOS, iOS 14. Some of the new features include an app library that automatically organizes all your apps into one easy view and uses machine learning to suggest what apps you’ll need next.

As part of the new iOS, widgets will get different sizes with more data, including an all-new smart stack that allows you to automatically swipe through the widgets you need just for the moment.

Other updates include picture-in-picture, enhancements to Siri, Memoji (including Memoji with face masks) and Messages, allowing users to follow group conversations easier. A new Translate app, similar to Google Translate, allows Siri to translate voice and test in real-time.

Apple Maps is also being upgraded, getting new dedicated cycling and electric vehicle routing options.

App clips, which Federighi described as a “small part of an app,” will allow users to get what they need at the moment they need without downloading an app, thanks to NFC or QR codes.

Changes to iPadOS include updates to Apple Pencil, new widgets (which will also be available on iOS), redesigned apps, an improved Siri and a redesigned universal search.

Apple’s new macOS, codenamed Big Sur, is getting a redesign and major updates to Messages, Maps, notifications and more, the company said.

As part of the macOS update, Safari will be able to run 50 percent faster than Google Chrome when loading pages and additional privacy enhancements, including the ability to see more detail about the website’s tracking methods.

Apple made several other software-related announcements on Monday, including the ability to automatically switch AirPods between devices and incorporating a surround sound experience on AirPods Pro.

New updates to watchOS include allowing multiple complications in one face, new watch faces and the ability to share watch faces. The redesigned Health app will also incorporate the ability to track sleep and help you create a routine to help you sleep better.

The new watchOS will also have automatic detection for washing hands for 20 seconds, using machine learning to detect the hand-washing motion and using audio to hear running water.


In its most recent quarterly results, Apple said it generated $5.3 billion in Mac-based revenue.

Fox News’ Brooke Crothers contributed to this story.

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The founders of this fashion-forward protective gear detail the birth of their signature product.

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In this ongoing series, we are sharing advice, tips and insights from real entrepreneurs who are out there doing business battle on a daily basis. (Answers have been edited and condensed for clarity.)

Who are you and what is your business?

We are Elena Solle, Hazel Solle and Carlton Solle, the founders of G95, Inc. Our gear has built-in filtration technology to help protect you from bacteria, viruses, air pollution, allergens, smoke, PM 2.5 and other airborne particles that can be hazardous to your health. 

What was your “aha moment”?

I got sick while on a trip to China several years ago. The doctor I saw said I had either caught something while on the plane or gotten sick from the air pollution. I asked what I could do to protect myself in the future and suggested wearing one of those white masks. My first response was, “One of the masks that make you look like you are sick?” When I got home I spoke with my wife about what happened. She told me how when she was growing up in Costa Rica, she used to play with two hand-me-down dolls and because fabric was scarce, she would make scarfs for the dolls. From that discussion, our first product was born: the Bioscarf.

Related: Real Entrepreneurs: Need a Mental Break? The ‘Meet Cute’ Podcast Delivers Rom-Com Escape in 15-Minute Burst

What does the word “entrepreneur” mean to you?

For us as a family, it’s who we are and who we have always been. For the past 20+ years, one of us or all of us have been starting businesses and or pursuing ideas and inventions. It runs through our veins and is really what keeps us going. 

Related: Real Entrepreneurs: Have a Great Product? Don’t Be Afraid to Dismantle It to Build a Better One.

What advice would you give to other entrepreneurs?

The most difficult part of coming up with an idea or concept is that you need to share it to evaluate it and to flesh it out.  At the same time, the most dangerous thing when you are an entrepreneur is other people. Some might throw you off course, others might see what you have created and want to try to work their way into it. Others will want to try and crush your idea because they didn’t think of it and others will simply be a time suck which can also send you off course. The trick of the entrepreneurial journey to get to realize your vision and not getting steered off course or losing your drive. You need to stay true to your vision and what you feel in your gut.

Related: Real Entrepreneurs: How to Launch Your Product Without Sinking Your Savings 

What trait do you depend on most when making decisions and why is that useful for you? 

It’s all about persistence and moving forward. You always hear about young single entrepreneurs who lived out of someone’s garage eating top ramen and then they made it big. So what about when you have a family? When you have rent to pay and school and all the rest of the responsibilities that come with being a bit older? That garage top-ramen thing doesn’t really cut it. So the pressures and sacrifices are much larger and much more extreme and they are not only affecting you but also your whole family. How far are you willing to go? For us, it’s been about persistence, everyone sacrificing for the bigger picture — and sometimes that has come at pretty extreme costs. But you get through them and learn from them.

Is there a particular quote or saying that you use as personal motivation? 

There are two quotes that sit above my desk: “The best way to predict the future is to create it.” And “Throw me to the wolves and I will return leading the pack.” 

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MAMAGREEN recently released the BIG DADDY dining table and it is ready to take on even the most ambitious of your outdoor entertaining endeavors. Crafted from upcycled Indonesian teak, this communal dining table is bound to be the center of attention. Make it your own by customizing BIG DADDY with a variety of sizes, adjustable legs, serving bars, and benches. While it was designed for outdoor use, this beauty would also be welcome indoors at any time and any place.

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Electric-truck maker Nikola Motor has endured a rollicking stock market entry this month after listing through an unusual reverse merger. The frenzy has been fueled in part by the company’s claims that it will reveal a new kind of battery by the end of this year.

But despite the looming deadline, Nikola appears to still be in the early stages of developing its battery. And even if Nikola succeeds in creating a working version, it could be as much as a decade before manufacturing begins.

Because of the uncertainty, experts are cautious about the company’s claims. Many similar efforts to commercialize new battery technology over the years have yet to bear fruit.

Nikola founder and chairman Trevor Milton promises that his company will be able to produce batteries at a cost of around $70 per kilowatt-hour of storage capacity. That would be a massive improvement over more established vehicle makers such as Tesla and Volkswagen, which are still chasing the goal of producing batteries for $100 per kilowatt-hour.

Price per kilowatt-hour of energy storage is a key factor in the final cost of electric vehicles, and their competitiveness with internal combustion vehicles. Estimates of the battery cost that would make electric passenger cars cheaper to buy and operate than gas-burners range from $100 per kilowatt-hour down to $85 per kilowatt-hour.

Battery development represents a significant expansion of scope for Nikola. The company’s planned flagship product is the Nikola One, a long-haul semi that uses liquid hydrogen, a fuel that doesn’t create carbon emissions and can be produced using renewable energy. Nikola plans to lease the trucks and control much of the hydrogen supply chain, including building its own fueling stations.

The company has yet to sell a single vehicle of any type, but its plans have been enough to attract nearly $1.3 billion in venture funding from sources including European truckmaker CNH Industrial and German manufacturer Bosch.

The pitch has proved even more alluring to public investors. Nikola’s shares rose 136% between the June 4 reverse merger—a maneuver that avoids the lengthy initial public offering process— and June 9, when the company’s market value briefly rose to $30 billion, higher than Ford’s. By late on June 12, the stock was down 21.7% from its peak.

“It is some bold claims that they’ve made,” says Gene Munster of Loup Ventures, an investor focused on electric vehicles. “Now the clock starts ticking, because they have to deliver.”

Building a better battery isn’t easy

Nikola isn’t yet revealing much about how it plans to leapfrog competitors in battery technology. But Milton says the aim is to reveal the battery before the end of this year at an as-yet unscheduled event called Nikola World.

Milton did share a few hints with Fortune.

The technology wasn’t developed by Nikola. Instead, Milton says, “we found some professors who had been working on it for quite some time,” but declined to identify them. He did reveal that the planned battery “has lithium, but it is not a lithium-ion [battery],” and that the design’s aim is to “get rid of the cobalts, nickels, and magnesiums” — the metals that account for much of the cost of existing battery technology.

Based on those details, Matthew McDowell, a battery materials researcher at Georgia Tech, speculates that Nikola may be working on what’s known as a lithium-metal battery. Broadly, the idea is to replace the graphite mesh that stores lithium in today’s lithium-ion batteries with more lithium, increasing energy density by 30% to 40%. That idea is already being aggressively pursued by a large number of companies and researchers, McDowell says.

In contrast, James Frith, an analyst with the research firm Bloomberg New Energy Finance, believes Nikola may be developing lithium-sulfur battery technology. Chris Robinson, an analyst with Lux Research, and Mihri Ozkan, an engineering professor and battery researcher at the University of California at Riverside, also agree that lithium-sulfur is the likely goal, based on the company’s claims.

Lithium-sulfur batteries are lightweight but bulky—a possibly good fit for the large trucks that are the centerpiece of Nikola’s planned product line. The technology was patented in the early 1960s, and broad efforts to commercialize lithium-sulfur batteries have been underway for more than a decade, including by startups like Oxis Energy. Those commercialization efforts have yet to succeed, according to Ozkan, because of challenges including the safety and life span of lithium-sulfur batteries.

It’s unlikely that Nikola is keeping wraps on any radical, previously unknown innovation in battery technology, according to experts in the field.

“Progress in the battery industry doesn’t come from single large breakthroughs, but rather continuous improvements,” says Robinson. “The odds an entirely new chemistry—especially one as close to commercialization as Nikola suggests—would slip past a multibillion-dollar industry are slim to none.”

Whatever the approach, Nikola is likely years from producing a new kind of battery at scale. Despite its very specific cost projections and plans to debut the technology within six months, Nikola is still in the laboratory-testing phase of development.

“In the lab we get a few thousand [charging] cycles, which is much better than lithium-ion,” Milton says, referring to a key measure of a battery’s longevity. “But the real world is much different from the lab…Now you’ve got to make them a lot bigger, [and] you’ve got to abuse them” under varied temperatures, weather, and use conditions.

Experts agree that there is a big difference between the lab and the road. In fact, optimistic promises about battery innovation based on laboratory results are common—but many of those proposed technologies have yet to be commercialized.

“It’s a really complicated process,” says McDowell. “When you’re developing a battery technology, there’s 15 or 20 different metrics you need to hit to have a reliable product. And they’re all intertwined.”

Those metrics include not only performance under varied temperature and weather conditions, but also a battery’s life span, energy density, and the rate at which it loses its charge when not in use.

Frith, of Bloomberg New Energy Finance, estimates that transitioning a new kind of battery from the lab to commercial use takes 10 years, or as little as five once working prototypes are complete. Investors won’t have to wait quite that long to know whether Nikola can eventually fulfill its battery promises, though.

“We’ll know in 6 to 12 months whether [Nikola’s claims] are true or not,” says Munster. In that time frame, he says, the company will need to show it can build a working vehicle using its battery, even if it hasn’t yet reached commercial-scale production.

“It’s not going from the lab to 1% market share. It’s going from the lab to the road where people can literally kick the tires,” says Munster. “And they have to have some evidence that they built it at the right price. That’s the hurdle they need to hit.”

More must-read tech coverage from Fortune:

  • Joe Biden makes Facebook’s lax moderation policy a campaign issue
  • Microsoft follows IBM and Amazon in barring police from using its facial-recognition technology
  • Buzzy research lab OpenAI debuts first product as it tries to live up to the hype
  • 5G won’t be a financial cash cow for wireless carriers, report says
  • WATCH: Ocado’s robots are out to change the grocery business

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